Americans often divide the country into regions to help characterize geographic, cultural, economic and historical variations. As with any arbitrary delineation, the boundaries for these regions can break down differently based upon who draws them. While each of these distinctions has its own criterion, we have put together a broad summary of five major areas of the U. The early settlers to the United States arrived in the Northeast in the 17th century.
The Civil War that raged across the nation from to was the violent conclusion to decades of diversification. Gradually, throughout the beginning of the nineteenth century, the North and South followed different paths, developing into two distinct and very different regions.
North The northern soil and climate favored smaller farmsteads rather than large plantations. Industry flourished, fueled by more abundant natural resources than in the South, and many large cities were established New York was the largest city with more thaninhabitants.
Byone quarter of all Northerners lived in urban areas. Slavery had died out, replaced in the cities and factories by immigrant labor from Europe.
In fact an overwhelming majority of immigrants, seven out of every eight, settled in the North rather than the South. Transportation was easier in the North, which boasted more than two-thirds of the railroad tracks in the country and the economy was on an upswing.
In fact, an engineer was six times as likely to be from the North as from the South. Northern children were slightly more prone to attend school than Southern children. South In contrast to the factory, the plantation was a central feature of Southern life.
Library of Congress The fertile soil and warm climate of the South made it ideal for large-scale farms and crops like tobacco and cotton. Because agriculture was so profitable few Southerners saw a need for industrial development.
Eighty percent of the labor force worked on the farm. In fact, there were almost as many blacks - but slaves and free - in the South as there were whites 4 million blacks and 5. There were no large cities aside from New Orleans, and most of the ones that did exist were located on rivers and coasts as shipping ports to send agricultural produce to European or Northern destinations.
Only one-tenth of Southerners lived in urban areas and transportation between cities was difficult, except by water. A slightly smaller percentage of white Southerners were literate than their Northern counterparts, and Southern children tended to spend less time in school.
As adults, Southern men tended to belong to the Democratic political party and gravitated toward military careers as well as agriculture.Regional Differences Between The North, south, and West Sectionalism: Being more loyal to your region than to your country as a whole. The North relied on factories and machines to replace human power.
The Industrial Revolution was the time period where people in the north began to switch to. The Differences between the North and South During the Industrial Revolution During the early s, the United States changed in numerous ways in a little amount of time.
The changes that occurred were a result of the industrial development and advancements that took place in the 19th century. CHAPTER 5: Westward Expansion and Regional Differences. An Outline of American History "Go West, young man, and grow up with the country." -- John Soule, Sectional Differences between the North and South.
STUDY. PLAY. United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North () US History 1 Ch Study Guide. 42 terms. Causes of the American Civil War-Test Study Guide.
Regional Differences Between The North, south, and West Sectionalism: Being more loyal to your region than to your country as a whole.
The North relied on factories and machines to replace human power. The Industrial Revolution was the time period where people in the north began to switch to.
The economic differences between the North and South contributed to the rise of regional populations with contrasting values and visions for the future. The Civil War that raged across the nation from to was the violent conclusion to .