Reform movement[ edit ] In the decades leading up toa small number of women began to push against restrictions imposed upon them by society. A few men aided in this effort. InReverend Charles Grandison Finney began allowing women to pray aloud in gatherings of men and women. A few women began to gain fame as writers and speakers on the subject of abolition.
It was organized by a handful of women who were active in the abolition and temperance movements and held July 19—20,in Seneca Falls, New York. Intended to call attention to unfair treatment of women, the convention was attended by about people, including about 40 men.
The other delegates had voted to exclude women before the convention started and required them to sit in a sectioned-off area. At the time, Mott was in her mid-forties and a Quaker minister, feminist, and abolitionist.
Stanton, a young bride and active abolitionist, admired Mott and the two became friends. Wright, in nearby Waterloo, New York. During a social visit on July 14, Stanton, Mott, Wright, and Mary Ann McClintock and Jane Hunt decided that it was time "to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman" publicly—in just five days time.
They publicized the convention mainly by word of mouth, although they did place a small notice in the local paper. They knew it would be a comparatively small convention, but as Mott told Stanton, "It will be a start.
She based the Declaration of Sentiments on the Seneca falls of Independence, listing 18 grievances and 11 resolutions demanding the recognition of women as equal members of society. The ninth resolution, which argued for "elective franchise," proved to be the most radical, even to Mott.
The ninth resolution continued to be the most controversial, particularly because the attendees were predominantly Quaker, and Quaker men often declined to vote. Freed slave and newspaper editor Frederick Douglass argued for approval of the resolution and convinced the audience of its necessity.
At the end of the convention, about of the attendees signed the declaration, although some removed their names later due to criticism. Although Stanton was dismayed by the coverage, she recognized the value of any attention—"It will start women thinking, and men too; and when men and women think about a new question, the first step in progress is taken.
Stanton, who was 32 at the time of the convention, would spend the rest of her life fighting for the right to vote. When the 19th Amendment giving them that right was ratified in Augustonly one of the women who had signed the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments was alive—Charlotte Woodard Pierce.
Unfortunately on election day inthe year-old Pierce was ill and was unable to vote. At the time of the Seneca Falls Convention she was 19 and a glove maker, sewing pieces at home sent to her by a manufacturer.
She had been deeply dissatisfied with the opportunities available to her and became an active member in the suffrage movement. On the morning of July 19,the year-old glove maker drove in a horse-drawn wagon to the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel in the upstate New York town of Seneca Falls. The convention was the brainchild of year-old Elizabeth Cady Stanton, daughter of Margaret and Judge Daniel Cady and wife of Henry Stanton, a noted abolitionist politician.
Born in Johnstown, New York, Cady Stanton demonstrated both an intellectual bent and a rebellious spirit from an early age. Marriage to Henry Stanton brought Elizabeth Cady Stanton—she insisted on retaining her maiden name—into contact with other independent-minded women.
The newlyweds spent their honeymoon at the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London where, much to their chagrin, women delegates were denied their seats and deprived of a voice in the proceedings. Among the delegates was Lucretia Coffin Mott, a liberal Hicksite Quaker preacher and an accomplished public speaker in the American abolitionist movement, who was also disillusioned by the lack of rights granted women.
I felt a new born sense of dignity and freedom. Eight years passed, however, before they fulfilled their mutual goal. For the first years of her marriage, Cady Stanton settled happily into middle-class domestic life, first in Johnstown and subsequently in Boston, then the hub of reformist activity.
Hoping to attract a large audience, they placed an unsigned notice in the Courier, advertising Lucretia Mott as the featured speaker. Women were denied access to higher education, the professions, and the pulpit, as well as equal pay for equal work. If married, they had no property rights; even the wages they earned legally belonged to their husbands.
Women were subject to a different moral code, yet legally bound to tolerate moral delinquencies in their husbands. Wives could be punished, and in a case of divorce, a mother had no child custody rights. When Cady Stanton insisted upon including a resolution favoring voting rights for women, her otherwise supportive husband threatened to boycott the event.
Henry Stanton left town. When the organizers arrived at the Wesleyan Chapel on the morning of Wednesday, July 19th, they found the door locked. As the church filled with spectators, another dilemma presented itself. After a hasty council at the altar, the leadership decided to let the men stay, since they were already seated and seemed genuinely interested.
Tall and dignified in his Quaker garb, James Mott called the first session to order at anthropology; archaeology; architecture; art.
art criticism; literary criticism; film theory; biology; composition studies; criminology. pathways perspective; economics. Seneca Falls Convention, assembly held on July 19–20, , at Seneca Falls, New York, that launched the woman suffrage movement in the United plombier-nemours.com Falls was the home of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who, along with Lucretia Mott, conceived and directed the plombier-nemours.com two feminist leaders had been excluded from participating in the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London, .
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On the morning of the 19th, the Convention assembled at 11 o'clock The Declaration of Sentiments, offered for the acceptance of the Convention, was then read by E. C. Stanton. Seneca Queen Theatre. Your Venue for Live Bands, Concerts and Events in Niagara Falls! Built in , the Seneca Queen Theatre is a newly renovated, fully licensed, performance space located in the heart of downtown Niagara Falls, Ontario.