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Postdoctoral research Habilitation from Latin habilis "fit, proper, skillful" is a post-doctoral qualification or academic degree at some European and Central Asian, North African, and Latin American universities.
It is conferred for a habilitation thesis or inaugural dissertation based on independent scholarship, which was reviewed by and successfully defended before an academic committee in a process similar to that of a doctoral dissertation.
In some countries, a habilitation degree is a required formal qualification to independently teach and examine a designated subject at the university level.
History and etymology The term "habilitation" is derived from the Medieval Latin habilitare, "make suitable, fit". The degree developed in Germany in the seventeenth century c. Doctoral and habilitation thesis A habilitation thesis can be either cumulative based on previous research, be it articles or monographs or monographical, i.
While cumulative habilitations are predominant in some fields such as medicinethey have been, since about a century ago, almost unheard of in others such as law.
Its level of scholarship is considerably higher than for a doctoral thesis in terms of quality and quantity, and must be accomplished independently, without direction or guidance of a faculty supervisor.
In the humanitiesa major book publication may be a prerequisite for defense. However, while some subjects make liberal use of this e. The habilitation is awarded after a Doctoral and habilitation thesis lecture, to be held after the thesis has been accepted, and after which the pro venia legendi Latin: In some areas, such as law, philosophy, theology and sociology, the venia, and thus the habilitation, is only given for certain sub-fields such as criminal lawcivil lawor philosophy of sciencepractical philosophy etc.
Although disciplines and countries vary in the typical number of years for obtaining habilitation after getting a doctorate, it usually takes longer than for the Anglo-American tenure.
For example, in Poland, the statutory time for getting a habilitation traditionally, although not obligatorily, relying on a book publication is eight years. In practice, however, on many occasions schools extend the deadlines for habilitation for most scholars if they do not make it in time, and there is evidence that they are able to finish it in a near future.
The award of the French Habilitation is a general requirement for supervising PhD students and applying for Professeur position. Contributions in administration, course organisation can compensate for a less substantial research dossier in some rare cases as the evaluation is primarily done by external and often foreign referees.
Germany In order to hold the rank of Full Professor within the German system, it is necessary to have attained the habilitation or "habilitation-equivalent achievements" that can be demonstrated by leading a research group, being a Junior Professor, or other achievements in research and teaching.
The habilitation is thus a qualification at a higher level than the German doctoral degree awarded during Promotion.
It is usually earned after several years of independent research, either "internally" while working at a university in a position as a Wissenschaftlicher Assistent "scientific assistant", a position equivalent to assistant professor when filled by a doctorate-holder or Akademischer Rat academic councilor or "externally" as a practitioner such as high school teacher, lawyer, etc.
Only those candidates receiving the highest or second-highest grade for their doctoral thesis are encouraged to proceed to the habilitation. Sincein some federal states of Germany, there have been new restrictions by the federal laws regarding the degree of the doctoral thesis which allow only excellent candidates to enter the process of Habilitation.
Once the inaugural dissertation Habilitationsschrift and all other requirements are completed, the candidate called Habilitand in German "has habilitated himself" and receives the degree "Dr.
It depends on the state or on the university whether the Habilitation counts de iure, as an additional doctorate separate from the original one in which case he would be a "Dr. A distinct procedure, but a formality after completing the habilitation, is officially receiving the venia legendi, Latin for "permission for lecturing," or the ius docendi, "right of teaching" a specific academic subject at universities for a lifetime.
The status as a Privatdozent requires doing some teaching even in order to keep up the title Titellehre or titular teaching. Note that the distinction "Dr. The graduation process includes additionally to the sub-commission of the senate including students representatives for a hearing on the teaching capabilities of the candidate an external reviewer.
As it is an academic degree, this is even valid if the person is not enrolled or not enrolled anymore at this institution - "Habilitation ad personam".
While the Habilitation ensures the rights of the independent research and the supervision, it is on behalf of the statute of the universities to give those rights also to, e. Doctor of ScienceLitt.HABILITATION THESIS CRISTINA RUSU 3 Thesis summary The Habilitation Thesis is structured in 4 major sections: Section I (and the most important) is dedicated to my scientific achievements during the postdoctoral work ().
Power Electronic Converters Modeling and Control: with Case Studies (Advanced Textbooks in Control and Signal Processing) - Kindle edition by Seddik Bacha, Iulian Munteanu, Antoneta Iuliana Bratcu. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.
Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Power Electronic Converters Modeling and Control. In the German university system it is common to write two doctoral theses, the inaugural thesis (Inauguraldissertation), completing a course of study, and the habilitation thesis (Habilitationsschrift), which opens the road to a professorship.
A. Abdelghani. National Institute of Applied Science and Technology (INSAT, Tunisia) Prof. Dr. A. Abdelghani is a Full Professor at the National Institute of Applied Science and Technology (INSAT, Tunisia) working mainly in the field of Microsensors and Microsystems.
A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings. In some contexts, the word "thesis" or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor's or master's course, while "dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true.
Austria Higher Education System Structure of the Higher Educational System in Austria Admissions to Higher Education in Austria Types of Higher Education Institutions.