However, in practice, they often get victimized by legal and procedural entanglements The emergence of the concept of juvenile justice in India owes much to the developments that have taken place in western countries, especially in the perception of children and human rights jurisprudence in Europe and America. The Apprentices Act, was the first legislation that laid the foundation of juvenile justice system in the country. The concept consequently gained momentum with the enactment of the Indian Penal CodeReformatory Schools ActCode of Criminal Procedure and recommendations made by the Indian Jail Committeewhich categorically mentioned that the child offender should be treated differently from an adult offender.
March 19, ; Accepted date: June 15, ; Published date: June 25, Citation: Visit for more related articles at Global Media Journal Abstract It is widely assumed that media's role in a democratic polity is to provide transparency and accountability, and to raise the public awareness and to facilitate a forum for public discussion.
Earlier studies have confirmed that the media can effectively set the public agenda by consistently featuring issues in news coverage. Media coverage of crime helps to set the agenda for the criminal justice system and reinforce support for punitive policies.
On December 10,Bombay High Court dismissed a trial court's conviction and acquitted popular Bollywood Actor Salman Khan of all charges in a 13 year long case related to his drunken drive over the people sleeping on a pavement, on the night of 28 September that resulted in killing of one person and injuring four others.
Using the framework of agenda setting, the study analyses the news stories published in mass circulated Tamil and English Language newspapers on the reportage of this judgement.
The study discusses the discourse of Tamil and English Language newspapers on this judgement and its contribution towards the making of public policy on criminal justice system in India. Mass media play a crucial role in public policymaking and the media coverage of crime news stories helps to set the agenda and reinforce support for punitive policies.
Review of research literature suggests that there is an interchange between media representations of crime, criminal behaviour, and the public policy on criminal justice system. Crime stories are commonly presented as dramatic entertainment, and infrequently one can read an in-depth analysis of the legal, criminal justice, or societal problems that are concerned [ 1 ].
Once the media places its issues in prominent positions and set the agenda, the media subsequently primes audiences to believe that those issues merit more attention.
Two notable studies that offer critique on representations of crime in the media, and their impact on public policy: Media are the primary source of political information for most of the Indian citizens. Two apprehensions about media representations of crime are: The connection between representation of crime in the mass media and augmented fear has links to punitive attitudes.
There is a long history of moral panics about the effects of exposure to popular media and cultural forms. There are two perceptions about the moral panics constructed by media: The kinds of punishment given are subjective to the political climate of a society.
Punishment is used as a method of reducing the incidence of crime by deterring or preventing the repeat of offences. Emile Durkheim [ 4 ] asserts that all societies have crime, since all societies involve a variation between that are allowed and that are outlawed.
The outlawed acts are labelled as crime. Human crimes are not punished too heavily because one person's injury does not threaten the entire society, stated Durkheim in one of his study.
Malinowski [ 5 ] believes that all the legal institutions are platforms for controlling illegal affairs, and for giving vent to the feelings of oppression and injustice unleashed against the individuals.
Agenda setting role of media Agenda-setting theory is concerned with how the media constructs representations of the world and in turn how this influences the people to see the world.Mar 21, · Delay in the administration of criminal justice-India.
Rome, Italy: The aforementioned leads us to the conclusion that criminal justice system responses to extreme cases do bring significant changes to the philosophies underlying law, the police, and corrections.
This was illustrated by the many creative proposals for change. 2) It is argued that Indian criminal justice system needs urgent reforms owing to its ineffectiveness and inefficiency.
Briefly discuss how this system compares with justice system in other countries such as USA, UK and Australia, and examine what measures are mooted to reform criminal justice system in India.
For an overview of China's criminal justice system before the Cultural Revolution, see Jerome A. Cohen, The Criminal Process in the People's Republic of China, An Introduction (Harvard Univ.
Press, Cambridge, MA: ). It particularly focuses on the Committee s failure to take into account international human rights standards which establish a framework of human rights for criminal justice systems throughout the world, as also a disregard for those human rights standards to which India is a .
Criminal justice system "reforms" A critique of the process and research used by the Justice Malimath Committee to recommend reforms to the Criminal Justice System.
This is the first of a two part series. In India, the cases related to juvenile, its trails and sentencing are governed and proclaimed by the Juvenile Justice Act, After the commencement of this Act there were still many controversies regarding the validity of the law and whether it gives justice or not.