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It was still in its beginnings at the time of Jerome, and the techniques it used seem chilling today. First of all, society in those days expected that those who had pervasive behavioural disorders or whose cognitive development was delayed would be taken care of by their families.
The most severe cases were hidden away, shut up in a room of the house, as much to protect the other members of the family as for their own protection.
The mildest cases were integrated into society to the degree to which they could be useful: If the family could not care for someone who was mentally ill or developmentally delayed, because they were too poor or the case too severe, the afflicted person could be confined to an insane asylum.
These forerunners of modern psychiatric hospitals often resembled prisons more than medical centres. It is important to understand that antipsychotic and antidepressant drugs are extremely recent inventions.
In the 19th Century, apart from laudanum an opium derivative resembling morphine and cocaine, psychiatrists had little in the way of drugs at their disposal. Most of the time, asylums were built in the country, for doctors believed that fresh air encouraged healing and convalescence.
During the time of Jerome, these were great stone buildings, comprising multiple wings that were divided according to the type of mental illness and the severity of cases. The sexes too were strictly separated. The afflicted slept in cells on straw mattresses placed upon iron beds or directly on the floor.
At night they were locked in their cells. Restrainment methods chains, strait-jackets were in common use. Meals were taken in common rooms. People who refused to eat were force-fed. The baths were common too, and persons with inadequate hygiene were washed by force.
The treatment of the ill was often brutal. In short, the living conditions of the inmates was in the best of cases difficult. Cases were often reported in which families withdrew their relatives from these institutions because they preferred to see them suffer at home.
Further Reading La science du mal:Women in the Late 19th Century Essay - Throughout nineteenth century Europe and leading into the twentieth century, the division and integration of equal rights and liberties towards both genders was a predominant issue.
Until the 19th century, people with mental illness were cared for by family members, who quietly attended to their needs in rural areas. But with the dawn of the Industrial Age, and its accompanying growth of crowded cities, many people feared people with mental illness were a threat to public safety.
Attitudes Toward Mental Illness 18th and 19th Century England Essay Sample During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, attitudes toward the mentally ill and their treatment varied throughout England. The 18th century was a time of great reflection and “enlightenment” resulting in the questioning of society, and changes in science which saw the belief in evil spirits regarded as superstition.
Doctors and scientist began to understand about the workings of the brain and the nervous system, and so began the slow progress of mental health. 19th Century Psychiatric Debates.
The neurologists were mainly in private practice and considered mental illness within their purview because the brain was involved. Relations between the neurologists and the Superintendents' Association were marked by mistrust and hostility.
Psychiatry in the 19th century was based in the mental. 18th and 19th Century Attitudes Towards Women From the author of both sources we can immediately gather that they both relate to middle-class women.