Articles on Anorexia Nervosa What is Anorexia?
Alternatively they may engage purging behaviors using laxatives, exercising excessively to lose weight. In the United States, an estimated 0. Other symptoms of the disorder include distorted body image and an intense fear of weight gain. Inadequate eating or excessive exercising results in severe weight loss.
Engaging in purging behaviors after eating or bingeing on food may also lead to a reduction in weight. Eating disorders frequently develop during adolescence or early adulthood, but some reports indicate their onset can occur during childhood or later in adulthood.
People with anorexia see themselves as overweight and have an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat. Individuals may spend a lot of time thinking about their body, or foods, and ways to restrict and lose weight.
They may develop unusual eating habits such as avoiding what they perceive as high caloric food and meals, picking out a few foods and eating only these in small quantities, or carefully weighing and portioning food.
People with anorexia may repeatedly check their body weight and many engage in other techniques to control their weight, such as intense and compulsive exercise or abuse of laxatives, enemas, and diuretics.
Girls with anorexia often experience a delayed onset of their first menstrual period or amenorrhea absence of menstrual periods. Eating disorders frequently co-occur with other psychiatric disorders, such as depression, substance abuse, anxiety disorders, and borderline personality disorder.
Recognition of eating disorders as real and treatable diseases, therefore, is critically important. Symptoms Symptoms of anorexia nervosa include: For young adults, this may involve leaving home for college.
For older women, similar life transitions—such as returning to work after raising a family, finding a new job, divorce or separation, can precipitate symptoms of an eating disorder.
Temperamental factors such as perfectionism and obsessional traits in childhood are also associated with eating disorders. Studies on the basic biology of appetite control and its alteration by prolonged overeating or starvation have uncovered enormous complexity; in time, their findings may lead to new pharmacologic treatments for eating disorders.
Scientists suspect that multiple genes may interact with environmental and other factors to increase the risk of developing these illnesses. Treatments If left untreated, anorexia may lead to osteoporosis, cardiac problems, infertility, depression, relationship difficulties, suicide, and even death from medical complications.
Counseling and therapy coupled with medical attention to health and nutritional needs are an important aspect of treatment.
Because of their complexity, eating disorders require a comprehensive treatment plan involving medical care and monitoring, psychosocial interventions, nutritional counseling, and, when appropriate, medication management.
Treatment of anorexia involves three main goals: Restoring weight lost to severe dieting and purging Treating psychological disturbances associated with body image issues Achieving either long-term remission and rehabilitation or full recovery.
Psychotherapy Therapy can be meaningful and necessary to uncover factors promoting fears about eating and gaining weight as well to help an individual work through issues related to body image, self-esteem, control, and perfectionism.
It is time-limited and focused in nature, helping an individual to see the links between their thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors. This helps to normalize eating patterns and engage in behaviors that support gaining healthy weight.
Family therapy is also considered to be an effective way to treat anorexia nervosa as well as other eating disorders. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with eating disorders revision.
American Journal of Psychiatry, ; 1 Suppl: New England Journal of Medicine. American Journal of Psychiatry; Anorexia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that results in unhealthy, often dangerous weight loss. While it is most common among adolescent women, anorexia can affect women and men of all ages and is characterized by a refusal to maintain a healthy body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, and a distorted body image.
Anorexia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that results in unhealthy, often dangerous weight loss. While it is most common among adolescent women, anorexia can affect women and men of all ages and is characterized by a refusal to maintain a healthy body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, and a distorted body image.
Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality (death) rate of any mental disorder.
People with anorexia may die from medical conditions and complications associated with starvation; by comparison, people with others eating disorders die of suicide. May 30, · Eating Disorders: About More Than Food: A brochure about the common eating disorders anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder, and various approaches to treatment.
Order a free copy. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by weight loss (or lack of appropriate weight gain in growing children); difficulties maintaining an appropriate body weight for height, age, and stature; and, in many individuals, distorted body image. Anorexia nervosa, also called anorexia, is a potentially life-threatening eating disorder that is characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss.
The disorder is diagnosed when a.