Southern Rhodesia was a self-governing colony, having received responsible government in
Print this page Introduction In his prison cell at Nuremberg, Hitler's foreign minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop, wrote a brief memoir in the course of which he explored the reasons for Germany's defeat. He picked out three factors that he thought were critical: This last was Hitler's explanation too.
When Ribbentrop spoke with him a week before the suicide in the bunker, Hitler told him that, 'the real military cause of defeat' was the failure of the German Air Force. For all his many failings Ribbentrop was closer to the truth than he might have realised.
Italy and Japan never posed the same kind of threat as the European superpower they fought alongside. Their defeat, costly though it was, became irresistible.
The key to ending the world crisis was the defeat of Hitler's Germany. The Allies had to mobilise and utilise their large resources effectively on the battlefield and in the air.
This outcome could not be taken for granted.
Start studying Chapter 27 The World War II Era. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. World War II changed the political alignment and social structure of the globe. The United Nations (UN) was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts; the victorious great powers—China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States—became the permanent members of its Security Council. Nov 09, · The Battle of Stalingrad was a brutal military campaign between Russian forces and those of Nazi Germany and the Axis powers during World War II. .
British forces were close to defeat everywhere in The American economy was a peacetime economy, apparently unprepared for the colossal demands of total war. The Soviet system was all but shattered intwo-thirds of its heavy industrial capacity captured and its vast air and tank armies destroyed.
This was a war, Ribbentrop ruefully concluded, that 'Germany could have won'.
Soviet resistance was in some ways the most surprising outcome. The German attackers believed that Soviet Communism was a corrupt and primitive system that would collapse, in Goebbels' words 'like a pack of cards'.
The evidence of how poorly the Red Army fought in confirmed these expectations. More than five million Soviet soldiers were captured or killed in six months; they fought with astonishing bravery, but at every level of combat were out-classed by troops that were better armed, better trained and better led.
This situation seemed beyond remedy. Yet within a year Soviet factories were out-producing their richly-endowed German counterparts - the Red Army had embarked on a thorough transformation of the technical and organisational base of Soviet forces, and a stiffening of morale, from Stalin downwards, produced the first serious reverse for the German armed forces when Operation Uranus in November led to the encirclement of Stalingrad and the loss of the German Sixth Army.
In the first place the Red Army learned a great deal from German practice and from their own mistakes. The air and tank armies were reorganised to mimic the German Panzer divisions and air fleets; communication and intelligence were vastly improved helped by a huge supply of American and British telephone equipment and cable ; training for officers and men was designed to encourage greater initiative; and the technology available was hastily modernised to match German.
Not until the later stages of the war did Stalin begin to reimpose control, when victory was at last in sight.
Two other changes proved vital to allow the army to profit from the reform of operational practice. First, Soviet industry and workforce proved remarkable adaptable for a command economy long regarded as inherently inefficient and inflexible.
The pre-war experience of economic planning and mobilisation helped the regime to run a war economy on an emergency basis, while the vast exodus of workers an estimated 16 million and factories more than 2, major plants from in front of the advancing Germans allowed the USSR to reconstruct its armaments economy in central and eastern Russia with great rapidity.
The second factor lay with politics.
Until the summer of Stalin and the Party closely controlled the Red Army. Political commissars worked directly alongside senior officers and reported straight back to the Kremlin.
Stalin came to realise that political control was a dead hand on the army and cut it back sharply in the autumn of He created a deputy supreme commander under him, the talented Marshal Zhukov, and began to step back more from the day-to- day conduct of the war.
Given the freedom to work out their own salvation, the Soviet General Staff demonstrated that they could match the Germans on the battlefield. The Soviet Union did not turn the tide on the Eastern Front on its own.
Though for decades Soviet historians played down the role of American and British Lend-Lease aid, its real significance has now been acknowledged.
From a flow of food and raw materials and engineering equipment sustained the Soviet war effort. There was enough food in the end to ensure a square meal for every Soviet soldier; most of the Soviet rail network was supplied with locomotives, wagons and rails made in the USA; one million miles of telephone wire, 14 million pairs of boots,trucks, all helped to keep the Red Army fighting with growing efficiency.
Without Allied aid, Stalin later admitted, 'we would not have been able to cope'. The ability of the world's largest industrial economy to convert to the mass production of weapons and war equipment is usually taken for granted.
Yet the transition from peace to war was so rapid and effective that the USA was able to make up for the lag in building up effectively trained armed forces by exerting a massive material superiority.Over 12, Allied prisoners of war and 90, workers died while working in the____railway.
Fill-in-the-blank Even more than World War 1, World War 2 was a____war in which fighting was much more widespread and covered most of the world. The Axis powers (German: Achsenmächte; Italian: Potenze dell'Asse; Japanese: 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allies.
The Axis powers agreed on their opposition to the Allies, but did not completely coordinate their activity. - America Needs a Strong Military Industrial Complex By mid, World War II was looking bleak for the Allied powers.
The German Wehrmacht was blitzing through Soviet Russia, the Luftwaffe had laid waste to much of London, Rommel was about to take Africa, and the Japanese nearly had control of the Pacific. - During World War two, the Allied powers included Britain, France, the Soviet Union, China, and the United States.
In contrast to the Nazi messages of intimidation, fear, antisemitism, and racial purity, Britain and the United States utilized propaganda to mobilize national spirit, appeal to patriotic duty, and encourage hard . An Analysis of the World War II Looking Bleak For the Allied Powers PAGES 2.
WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: world war ii, the cold war, nuclear weapons, the allied powers. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed. world war ii, the cold war, nuclear. During World War II (WWII), nearly every country in the world fought on one of two different sides: the Allies and the Axis powers, with the Allies winning by