United States History I. Introduction United States History, story of how the republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times. As the nation developed, it expanded westward from small settlements along the Atlantic Coast, eventually including all the territory between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans across the middle of the North American continent, as well as two noncontiguous states and a number of territories. At the same time, the population and the economy of the United States grew and changed dramatically.
American roots music The first musicians anywhere in North America were Native Americanswho consist of hundreds of ethnic groups across the country, each with their own unique styles of folk music.
Of these cultures, many, and their musical traditions, are now extinct, though some remain relatively vibrant in a modern form, such as Hawaiian music. By the 16th century, large-scale immigration of English, French and Spanish settlers brought new kinds of folk music.
This was followed by the importation of Africans as slavesbringing their music with them. The Africans were as culturally varied as the Native Americans, descended from hundreds of ethnic groups in West Africa. American music is, like most of its hemispheric neighbors, a mixture of African, European and a little bit of native influences.
Immigration from China began in large numbers in the 19th century, most of them settling on the West Coast. African American music[ edit ] Main article: Their music was a mixture of Scottish and African origin, like African American gospel displaying polyrhythm and other distinctly African traits.
Work songs and field hollers were popular, but it was spirituals which became a major foundation for music in the 20th century.
Spirituals or Negro spirituals, as they were then known were Christian songs, dominated by passionate and earthy vocals similar to the church music of Scotland, which were performed in an African-style and Scottish style call-and-response format using hymns derived from those sung in colonial New England choirs, which were based on Moravian, English and Dutch church music.
These hymns spread south through Appalachia in the late 18th century, where they were partnered with the music of the African slaves. During the Great Awakening of religious fervor in the early 19th century, spirituals spread across the south.
Among some whites, slave music grew increasingly popular, especially after the American Civil Warwhen black and white soldiers worked together and Southern slaves fled north in huge numbers. By the end of the 19th century, minstrel shows had spread across the country, and even to continental Europe.
In minstrel shows, performers imitated slaves in crude caricatures, singing and dancing to what was called "Negro music", though it had little in common with authentic African American folk styles.
An African American variety of dance music called the cakewalk also became popular, evolving into ragtime by the start of the 20th century.
Appalachian folk music[ edit ] Main article: The region has long been historically poor compared to much of the rest of the country; many of the rural Appalachian people travelled to cities for work, and were there labeled hillbilliesand their music became known as hillbilly music.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Irish and Scottish immigrants arrived in large numbers. They mingled there with poor whites of other ethnic backgrounds, as well as many blacks.
The result was a diverse array of folk styles which have been collectively referred to as Appalachian folk music. These styles included jug bandshonky tonk and bluegrassand are the root of modern country music.
Appalachian folk music began its evolution towards pop-country inwhen Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family began recording in a historic session with Ralph Peer Barraclough and Wolff, Rodgers sang often morbid lyrical themes that drew on the blues to create tales of the poor and unlucky Collins, 11while the Carters preferred more upbeat ballads with clear vocals, complementary instrumentation and wholesome lyrics Garofalo, Their success paved the way for the development of popular country, and left its mark on the developing genre of rock and roll.
Other forms of American roots music[ edit ] Though Appalachian and African American folk music became the basis for most of American popular music, the United States is home to a diverse assortment of ethnic groups.
In the early 20th century, many of these ethnic groups supported niche record industries and produced minor folk stars like Pawlo Humeniukthe "King of the Ukrainian Fiddlers" Kochan and Kytasty, Some of these ethnic musicians eventually became well-known across the country, such as Frankie Yankovicthe Slovenian polka master.
This same period also saw the rise of Native American powwows around the start of the 20th century. These were large-scale intertribal events featuring spiritual activity and musical performances, mostly group percussion based Means, Large-scale immigration of Eastern European Jews and their klezmer music peaked in the first few decades of the 20th century.
People like Harry Kandel and Dave Tarras become stars within their niche, and made the United States the international center for klezmer Broughton, In Texasethnic Mexicans who had lived in the area for centuries, played a distinct style of conjuntodifferent from that played in Mexico.
The Cajuns and Creoles of Louisiana have long constituted a distinct minority with their own cultural identity. Though these genres were geographically limited, they were modernized and mixed with more mainstream styles, evolving into popular zydeco music by the middle of the century Broughton and Kaliss, Beginnings of Popular music[ edit ] Main article:The History of American Music Timeline created by APatt.
Apr 1, Much of this music had been brought over from English churches and it symbolizes the start of Music in the United States.
These religous songs dominated America in its earliest stages as a country. Woodstock was the culmination of the Rock n' Roll era and. • A History of America's Music: Jazz (PBS) • International • A Passion for Jazz • PBS Arts - Music • Performing Arts Encyclopedia (Library of Due to its diversity, popular music in the United States today challenges simple description.
The history of popular music since the s is basically that of rock music, which has. Gilbert Chase's America's Music, from the Pilgrims to the Present, was the first major work to examine the music of the entire United States, and recognize folk traditions as more culturally significant than music for the concert plombier-nemours.com charts: Billboard Music Chart, American Top The history of the United States began with the settlement of Indigenous people before 15, BC.
Numerous cultures formed.
The arrival of Christopher Columbus in started the European colonization of the plombier-nemours.com colonies formed after By the s, thirteen British colonies contained million people along the Atlantic coast east of the Appalachian Mountains.
Overview of the history of anglo concertina in the United States of America, including its use by immigrants, african americans, western settlers including the . United States, officially United States of America, abbreviated U.S. or U.S.A., byname America, country in North America, a federal republic of 50 states.
Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the mid-Pacific Ocean.